NOTE REVISED DATE AND TOPIC FOR THIS PRESENTATION
Date: Thursday, May 19, 2016
Time: Membership Social at 7:30
Program at 8:00 p.m.
Location: Coastal Georgia Center, 305 Fahm St. (behind the Visitor's Center) Directions and Map
Access: Open to the public and free for members, students and accompanying family members, educators and active military and their dependents. $10.00 charge for non-members.
Colonialism in Africa collapsed after World War II, opening the door to intervention by Cold War powers that jockeyed with the imperial powers to control the decolonization process. During a period characterized by political competition, economic rivalry, and military friction between the United States and the Soviet Union, the United States hoped to replace the European imperial powers as the dominant external force in Africa. Washington wavered between support for its European allies--all members of NATO--and moderate African nationalists, whom it hoped would keep radical nationalism and communism at bay. The United States generally expected Britain, France, Belgium, and Portugal to take the lead in ensuring stability and pro-Western governments in their traditional spheres of influence. However, it broke ranks when these countries discounted the power and legitimacy of nationalist aspirations, thus threatening to bring about a Cold War conflagration. Among the waning powers, France, in particular, resisted American encroachment on its sphere of influence, and Portugal successfully played the Cold War card to gain support for its colonial wars. At the same time, African nationalists courted, accommodated, and opposed outside powers and limited their ability to impose solutions that were optimal to them alone. This presentation explores the tensions that emerged from the dual missions of decolonization and the Cold War, examining the uneasy alliance among Western powers as they confronted the Eastern Bloc in Africa. It also underscores the ways in which foreign intervention in Africa during the Cold War influenced the shape of emerging nations and left a bitter legacy that has endured into the twenty-first century.
Elizabeth Schmidt is professor of history at Loyola University Maryland. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her books include: Foreign Intervention in Africa: From the Cold War to the War on Terror (2013); Cold War and Decolonization in Guinea, 1946-1958 (2007); Mobilizing the Masses: Gender, Ethnicity, and Class in the Nationalist Movement in Guinea, 1939-1958 (2005); Peasants, Traders, and Wives: Shona Women in the History of Zimbabwe, 1870-1939 (1992); and Decoding Corporate Camouflage: U.S. Business Support for Apartheid (1980). Her next book, Foreign Intervention in Africa after the Cold War: Sovereignty, Responsibility, and the War on Terror, will be published by Ohio University Press.
Sponsor of this Program - HunterMacLean
This program is being sponsored by HunterMaclean, the largest law firm in the state of Georgia outside of Atlanta. HunterMaclean represents a wide variety of companies and individuals throughout Georgia, South Carolina, the Southeast and the United States. We appreciate its support!
After this talk...Summer Vacation! Enjoy! And be prepared for another great program lineup this fall!
Sept. 15, 2016 - Dr. Roby Barrett, Yemen: A Failed State, But Not A Failed Society
Oct. 20, 2016 - Dr. Charles Dunne, Egypt Under El-Sisi...And Where Do We Go From Here?
Nov. 17, 2016 - Nagesh Singh, Consulate General of India, Atlanta, India in the New International System - A Rising Power